Angelina jolie 19 old, By Michel bourquard 1994
this is beautiful*sighs for a thousand years
2014: the year celeb ladies stopped putting up with media bullshit and it was beautiful
Always reblog this. ALWAYS.
We are here tonight to talk about gynocide. Gynocide is the systematic crippling, raping, and/or killing of women by men. Gynocide is the word that designates the relentless violence perpetrated by the gender class men against the gender class women.
For instance, Chinese footbinding is an example of gynocide. For one thousand years in China all women were systematically crippled so that they would be passive, erotic objects for men; so that they were carnal property; so that they were entirely dependent on men for food, water, shelter, and clothing; so that they could not walk, or walk away, or unite against the sadism of their male oppressors.
Another example of gynocide is the systematic rape of the women of Bangladesh. There, the rape of women was part of the military strategy of the male invading armies. As many of you know, it is estimated that between 200,000 and 400,000 women were raped by the invading soldiers and when the war was over, those women were considered unclean by their husbands, brothers, and fathers, and were left to whore, starve, and die. The Bangladesh gynocide was perpetrated first by the men who invaded Bangladesh, and then by those who lived there—the husbands, brothers, and fathers: it was perpetrated by the gender class men against the gender class women.
Tonight, on Halloween, we are here to remember another gynocide, the mass slaughter of the nine million women who were called witches. These women, our sisters, were killed over a period of three hundred years in Germany, Spain, Italy, France, Holland, Switzerland, England, Wales, Ireland, Scotland, and Amerika. They were killed in the name of God the Father and His only Son, Jesus Christ.
The organized persecution of the witches began officially on December 9, 1484. Pope Innocent VIII named two Dominican monks, Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger, as Inquisitors and asked the good fathers to define witchcraft, to isolate the modus operandi of the witches, and to standardize trial procedures and sentencing. Kramer and Sprenger wrote a text called the Malleus Maleficarum. The Malleus Maleficarum was high Catholic theology and working Catholic jurisprudence. It might be compared to the Amerikan Constitution. It was the law. Anyone who challenged it was guilty of heresy, a capital crime. Anyone who refuted its authority or questioned its credibility on any level was guilty of heresy, a capital crime.
Before I discuss the content of the Malleus Maleficarum, I want to be clear about the statistical information that we do have on the witches. The total figure of nine million is a moderate one. It is the figure most often used by scholars in the field. The ratio of women to men burned is variously estimated at 20 to 1 and 100 to 1.
Witchcraft was a woman’s crime, and much of the text of the Malleus explains why. First, Jesus Christ was born, suffered, and died to save men, not women; therefore, women were more vulnerable to Satan’s enticements. Second, a woman is “more carnal than a man, as is clear from her many carnal abominations.” This excess of carnality originated in Eve’s very creation: she was formed from a bent rib. Because of this defect, women always deceive. Third, women are, by definition, wicked, malicious, vain, stupid, and irredeemably evil: “I had rather dwell with a lion and a dragon than to keep house with a wicked woman… . All wickedness is but little to the wickedness of a woman … When a woman thinks alone, she thinks evil.” Fourth, women are weaker than men in both mind and body and are intellectually like children. Fifth, women are “more bitter than death” because all sin originates in and on account of women, and because women are “wheedling and secret” enemies. Finally, witchcraft was a woman’s crime because “All witchcraft comes from carnal lust, which is in women insatiable.”
I want you to remember that these are not the polemics of aberrants; these are the convictions of scholars, lawmakers, judges. I want you to remember that nine million women were burned alive.
Witches were accused of flying, having carnal relations with Satan, injuring cattle, causing hailstorms and tempests, causing illnesses and epidemics, bewitching men, changing men and themselves into animals, changing animals into people, committing acts of cannibalism and murder, stealing male genitals, causing male genitals to disappear. In fact, this last— causing male genitals to disappear —was grounds under Catholic law for divorce. If a man’s genitals were invisible for more than three years, his spouse was entitled to a divorce.
It would be hard to locate in Sprenger and Kramer’s gargantuan mass of woman-hating the most odious charge, the most incredible charge, the most ridiculous charge, but I do think that I have done it. Sprenger and Kramer wrote:
And what, then, is to be thought of those witches who … collect male organs in great numbers, as many as twenty or thirty members together, and put them in a bird’s nest, or shut them up in a box, where they move themselves like living members, and eat oats and corn, as has been seen by many and is a matter of common report?"